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But grow in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.  To him be glory both now and forever.  Amen.  2 Peter 3:18

 

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THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT AND THE LORD'S DAY

 

“And in the FIRST DAY there shall be an holy convocation, and in the SEVENTH DAY there shall be an Holy Convocation to you; NO manner of WORK shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.”  (Exodus 12:16)  (Emphasis mine)

 

Why do most Christians observe the Lord's Day (first day) rather than the Jewish Sabbath (seventh day)?  As the verse quoted above shows, a Sabbath Day of Rest could fall on the FIRST DAY as well as on the SEVENTH DAY.  Sabbaths cannot be limited to Saturdays. 

 

The Hebrew Calendar began its dating at the deliverance from Egypt (Exodus 12:2).  It began with the month of Abib (Nisan).  This should not to be confused with the modern Jewish calendar, which begins with the month Tishri.[1]

 

In the original Hebrew Calendar the 15th day of the first month (Abib) had to be a Sabbath (Holy Day in which no work could be done) every year.  So did the 6th of Sivan, and the 1st, 10th, 15th & 21st of the seventh month Ethnaim (Tishri).[2]  They were Feast Days.

 

The Feast Days mentioned above were Pesach (Passover) Shavuot (Pentecost) Trumpets (now called Rosh HaShana) Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) and the first and last Day of Succot (Tabernacles). 

 

Passover is combined with the first Day of Unleavened Bread.  The DATE of the month was FIXED for each Feast. 

 

Thus, the DAY of the week was VARIABLE.  Once in seven years, each of the Sabbaths would fall on every single day of the week -- just as your birthday comes on a different day of the week, every year.[3]

 

TWO SABBATHS IN THE SAME WEEK

 

To illustrate this further, Christ was crucified during the Passover Feast, which fell on a Wednesday that year.  It was a High Holy Day -- a Sabbath.  He was, by His own statement “three days and three nights in the heart of the earth” (Matthew 12:40)

 

Thus, he remained buried on Thursday, Friday and Saturday.  He arose sometime before sunrise Sunday morning. 

 

Therefore, there were two Sabbath Days observed the week Christ was crucified -- Passover on the Fourth Day and the regular Sabbath on the Seventh Day.[4]

 

 

THREE SABBATHS IN THE BIBLE

 

Beside the Feast Days, there are three Sabbaths in the Bible.  The Creation Sabbath, the Hebrew Sabbath and the Christian Sabbath. 

 

The first remembers Creation and the second deliverance from Egypt.  The third is in remembrance of the Resurrection of Christ.

 

The New Testament does not maintain the death penalty for Sabbath breaking.  Paul states that Sabbath regulations no longer have their old binding force (Colossians 2:16,17). 

 

But there is a sense in which the Sabbath is not completely done away.  Every one of the Ten Commandments is repeated somewhere in the New Testament.  They are applicable to the Christian. 

 

Christ has fulfilled the Law and redeemed us from its curse (Galatians 3:10-14).  But the Law is still “holy and just and good” (Romans 7:12).

 

Where is the Sabbath repeated in the New Testament?  In Hebrews 4:1-10 the Sabbath and its fulfillment in Christ is discussed.  We are told specifically “there remaineth therefore a REST (literally a “keeping of a Sabbath”) to the people of God (Hebrews 4:9).[5]

 

Most of the first Christians were of Jewish birth.  They continued to observe both the Hebrew Sabbath (7th Day) and the Christian Sabbath (1st Day) that they called the Lord's Day.  This was the day of the Resurrection. 

 

Believers in Messiah are grafted into the body of Christ, and made His Members.  They CEASE from their own works and REST in the Finished Work of Christ. 

 

The Christian Sabbath recalls Christ's triumph over sin and death.  His Resurrection demonstrates the completion of His great Work of Redemption vividly from the dead.

 

It is rightly celebrated on the First Day of the Week -- the Lord's Day.  Thus the Lord's Day is the Christian Sabbath.  This was the position of the early Church leaders.[6]

 

It was also the belief of the Protestant Reformers and the Calvinistic Puritans who came after them.  Both the Westminster (Presbyterian) and Philadelphia (Baptist) Confessions of Faith call the Lord's Day the Christian Sabbath. 

 

The Fourth Commandment – Land and Debt



[1] Bruce Scott, THE FEASTS OF THE LORD (The Friends of Israel Gospel Ministry, Inc.: Bellmawr, NJ, 1997) p. 13.

 

[2] John Phillips, EXPLORING THE SCRIPTURES (Moody Press: Chicago, IL, rev. ed. 1970) p. 35.

 

[3] Rousas John Rushdoony, THE INSTITUTES OF BIBLICAL LAW (Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1973) p. 135. 

 

[4] Loraine Boettner, A HARMONY OF THE GOSPELS (Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co.: Nutley, NJ, 1933, 1977) pp. 131-132.

 

 

[5] Henry M. Morris, THE BIBLE HAS THE ANSWER (Baker Book House: Grand Rapids, MI, 1971) p. 212.

 

 

[6] J.B. Moody, THE SEVEN SABBATHS (The Challenge Press: Little Rock, Arkansas, 1972) pp. 26-28.

 

 

 

 

 

 

                       

 

 

Books and DVDs

 

 

Do you love the King James Bible?  Then you will love Scripture Songs sung from the KJV by Patti Vaillant.

 

Scripture Songs I - KJV Bible Songs  

Scripture Songs II - King James Bible Music

Scripture Songs III - God's Word in song

Scripture Songs IV: Easily Memorize Powerful Bible Passages

Scripture Songs V - The Servant of Servants   

 

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Tulip Gems is a Calvinistic Baptist web site that honors Jesus Christ and provides a free Hyperinflation Survival Guide.  We offer free Bible Articles on several subjects, including Bible Nutrition , Creation Science versus Evolution Passover , The Great Commission and Tulip Calvinism

Which Bible can we trust? Which Bible is the most accurate? Why KJV only? Read our Which Bible series of articles for answers from both Scripture and history (including a Rebuttal of James White's book, The King James Only Controversy).

We also offer a well-documented Vietnam Veteran Story that illustrates the mercy of God.  The Vietnam Veteran Story, found on our Combat Vet page, comes from published accounts of Vietnam Veterans experiences, as well as this Vietnam Veterans experiences, told first hand.  

Concerned about inflation leading to hyperinflation? Some say buy silver and gold coins. Others say it is evil to own silver and gold coins. What does the Bible teach us? Tulip Gems offers an Hyperinflation Survival Guide which provides a Biblical basis for ownership of silver and gold coins as an hedge against the horrors of hyperinflation.  Links to online vendors are also provided. 

Will out of control government spending lead to hyperinflation, and possibly to a new world currency? Will a new world currency lead to the Mark of the Beast (666)? Will the Rapture occur before the Tribulation (Pre-Tribulational Rapture) or will the Rapture occur after the Tribulation (Post-Tribulational Rapture)? For Biblical answers, visit our
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Who is Jesus Christ? Why KJV only? Why Home School your children? Jesus Christ is Lord and the KJV Bible is the Preserved Word of God in English.  Finally, Scripture gives us compelling reasons to Home School our children. One very important reason is to lead them to Our Passover Lamb. We recommend Christ-centered Home Schooling Curriculum.

George Theiss is a combat veteran of Vietnam who now follows Lamb of God.  He and his wife Christy have been married 39 years. They have 8 children.

 

Copyright 2002 through 2016 by George R. Theiss   

 

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